Rev up your stroke knowledge during this 'Stroke Awareness Month' Strokes can happen at any age not just in seniors.
When blood flow is cut off to a part of your brain, cells begin to die. Brain function is affected by the area that is damaged or destroyed. The damage can have adverse effects on muscle function, mobility, memory or speech.
Strokes continue to be a leading cause of long-term disability in adults and occurring more frequently at younger ages.
The force at work that's a common cause of stroke is atherosclerosis or hardening of the arteries.This condition makes it easier for a clot to form that may lodge in a narrow space and cause an ischemic stroke. When a clot temporarily keeps blood from getting to parts of the brain a TIA is possible.
Unlike a full-blown stroke a TIA does not cause permanent damage, however, if you've had a TIA you're more likely to have a full stroke later.
On the other hand, if a brain artery is weakened it can burst and most likely cause a hemorrhagic stroke. As well, a stroke can be 'Silent' in this event no obvious changes are noticed. A silent stroke may be discovered if for some other reason you have a brain scan that reveals the occurrence of certain previous damage.
Certain chronic conditions increase your risks for stroke, these include high cholesterol levels, diabetes and high blood pressure.There are also risk factors beyond your control such as getting older, being a male or having a family history of strokes.
Strokes are also not uncommon in women who often get migraines with visual signs called auras.In addition, ethnicity is an important risk factor since a greater risk of stroke occurs in certain groups.
It is essential to recognize changes that appear with an impending stroke. Know and recognize the F.A.S.T warning signs of stroke and take action. F-face drooping. A-arm weakness. S-speech difficulty. T-time to call emergency. It is necessary to take prompt action for medical help.
You may be able to thwarting your risk of having a strokes by taking steps to eliminate or control certain routines. Altering some lifestyle habits can boost prevention of strokes.These include quitting smoking, engaging in regular exercise and maintaining a healthy weight.
- Eating a healthy diet and reducing salt intake is a plus.
- It's also best health choices to adopt a regular exercise regimen
- limit alcohol intake.
- If you have high blood pressure, medication to lower it will be necessary.
To help keep strokes at bay your physician may even prescribe low dose aspirin or an anti-clotting medication.Talk to your doctor about any dietary changes, getting more exercise or a fitness program.
Pre-Stroke Interventions: There is stroke averting surgical interventions. If there is a diagnosis of a narrowed carotid artery that brings blood to the brain surgery may be done.This procedure is known as carotid endarterectomy removes plaque from the lining of the artery. Or a stent can be inserted and left in place to keep an artery open
Post-Stroke Interventions: When the brain is starved of oxygen, every second count. If your stroke is caused by a clot, you may be given a drug to break up the clot; this intervention saves brain cells and helps to limit the permanent damage.
Unfortunately, many people do not get such assistance in time, the medication must be had within 3 to 4 1/2 hours for the best chance of limiting adverse outcomes.
Stroke brings a sudden and unexpected change in one's life situation as damages cannot be perfectly repaired. But, rehabilitation can help to develop ways or work around problems caused by a stroke.
Major physical impacts relate to mobility and speech. Physical therapy will help to build strength and coordination while occupational therapy helps new learning to take charge of life skills.Speech-language therapy helps improve communication.
NB. Certain groups at higher risks of strokes are African-Americans, Native Americans and those of Alaskan Natives descent.